Lockheed Super Constellation survivors


(Download a higher resolution picture by clicking on any picture below.) Go to the Home Page

Super Constellation

Lockheed introduced the Model 1049 Super Constellation in 1951. The fuselage was stretched 21 feet over the length of the original Constellation. More powerful R-3350-34 and -91 turbo-compound engines were installed.

There are twenty nineteen surviving Lockheed Super Constellations in the United States. I have photographed nine eight of them. Three One of them is currently airworthy.

Link to the Lockheed C-69/C-121 Constellation The Lockheed Constellation page.

C-121G, 131636, c/n 4137

November 23, 2001

C-121G N105CF at Avra Valley, Arizona on November 23, 2001 C-121G, N105CF at Avra Valley, Arizona on November 23, 2001. Its Lockheed construction number is 4137. It was being restored for display by the Super Constellation Flyers group in Switzerland until they realized the true cost of its restoration. Now they are leasing the Camarillo Connie, N73544 (below) with an option to buy.

It was delivered to the Navy as R7V-1, 131636. It was transferred to the Air Force as 54-4062, "City of Saratoga" in June 1958. It was later re-designated C-121G. The Air Force renamed it "City of Jackson Hole" in 1966 and retired it in May 1978. DMI Aviation bought it in November 1989 and registered it as N2114Z before selling it to Aero Chago in the Dominican Republic where it was registered HI-583CT in June 1990.

VC-121A, N749VR, C-121G, N105CF, and C-121A, N494TW at Avra Valley, Arizona on November 23, 2001 VC-121A, N749VR, C-121G, N105CF, and C-121A, N494TW at Avra Valley, Arizona on November 23, 2001.

September 26, 2005

C-121G, N105CF at Marana Regional Airport, Arizona on September 26, 2005 The future of C-121G, N105CF looks bleak. It has been towed to the long-term storage area of the Marana Regional Airport (formerly Avra Valley) and is being stripped of parts. C-121B, N608AS was recently scrapped at the nearby Ryan Airfield. The same fate may await C-121G, N105CF.

C-121G, N105CF at Marana Regional Airport, Arizona on September 26, 2005

C-121G, N105CF at Marana Regional Airport, Arizona on September 26, 2005 Can this be the end of C-121G, N105CF?

VC-121E, 53-7885, c/n 4151

VC-121E, 53-7885 Columbine III at the Air Force Museum on August 19, 1972 VC-121E, 53-7885 "Columbine III" at the Air Force Museum on August 19, 1972. Its Lockheed construction number is 4151.

VC-121E, 53-7885 Columbine III at the Air Force Museum on August 16, 1998 VC-121E, 53-7885 Columbine III at the Air Force Museum on August 16, 1998 VC-121E, 53-7885 "Columbine III" at the Air Force Museum on August 16, 1998. It has been restored to its appearance from when it served as Eisenhower's presidential transport.

VC-121E, 53-7885 Columbine III at the Air Force Museum on August 16, 1998 VC-121E, 53-7885 "Columbine III" at the Air Force Museum on August 16, 1998.

Link to the Air Force Museum's page about VC-121E, 53-7885 "Columbine III".

C-121C, 54-0156, c/n 4175

Lockheed C-121C, N73544 is being leased with an option to buy by the Swiss Super Constellation Group. It departed from the Camarillo Airport on April 26, 2004.

C-121C, N73544 at Gila Bend Indian Reservation Memorial Airport on December 30, 1981 Lockheed C-121C, N73544 at the Gila River Indian Reservation Memorial Airport on December 30, 1981. Its Lockheed construction number is 4175. It was delivered to the Air Force as 54-0156 on November 1, 1955. The Smithsonian Institute acquired it from storage at Davis-Monthan AFB, Arizona in June 1972 in order to trade it to Aviation Specialties for the Boeing 307 Stratoliner, N19903 Clipper Flying Cloud. Aviation Specialties registered it as N73544 in March 1973 and retired it in 1976.

C-121C, N73544 at the Point Mugu Airshow on October 2, 1994C-121C, N73544 at the Point Mugu Airshow on October 2, 1994. Globe Air Inc. bought it in February 1981 and sold it to Mehrdad Khoramian in December 1982. It has been registered to Daryoush Younesi at Tarzana since 1992.

C-121C, N73544 at Camarillo on June 17, 1995 C-121C, N73544 at Camarillo on June 17, 1995.

C-121C, N73544 at Edwards AFB on Ocober 21, 1995 C-121C, N73544 at Edwards AFB on Ocober 21, 1995.

C-121C, N73544 at Camarillo on June 16, 1996 This is a stereo pair of C-121C, N73544 at Camarillo on June 16, 1996. Cross your eyes to see the 3-D effect.

C-121C, N73544 at Pt Mugu on April 25, 1998 C-121C, N73544 at Pt Mugu NAWC on April 24, 1998.

Lockheed C-121C Constellation, N73544 C-121C, N73544 at Camarillo on August 25, 2001.

Lockheed C-121C Constellation, N73544 C-121C, N73544 at Camarillo on August 25, 2001.

C-121C N73544 stereo pair Cross your eyes to see the tail of the Constellation in 3-D.

Link to the web site of the Constellation Historical Society which operates N73544 at the Camarillo Airport.

Wright R-3350 turbo-compound engine on Lockheed C-121C Constelation, N73544 Wright R-3350 turbo-compound engine on C-121C, N73544 at the Camarillo airshow on August 11, 2002.

The Wright division of the Curtiss-Wright company (which was formed by the merger of companies founded by Glenn Curtiss and the Wright brothers) developed the TC-18 turbo-compound engine from the eighteen-cylinder R-3350 Cyclone in 1949.  Wright's engine works were located in Woodridge, New Jersey.  Wright turbo-compound engines powered the Douglas DC-7, Lockheed C-121 Constellation, Lockheed P-2 Neptune, Martin P5M Marlin, and Farchild C-119 Packet.  

The turbo-compound engine incorporates a unique power recovery tubine system that recovers power from the engine exhaust and feeds it into the propeller crankshaft.  Three turbines are mounted around the engine.  Each turbine is fed the exhaust from six cylinders, extracting some of the energy of the hot, expanding gases and feeding it into a gearbox connected to the crankshaft.   

The power recovery turbine system improves the fuel consumption of the R-3350 engine by about 20%.  The improved fuel consumption made it possible for the Douglas DC-7 and Lockheed Constellation to cross the Atlantic Ocean non-stop, but the complexity of the engine lead to fairly frequent engine problems.  It was not unusual for a trans-Atlantic airliner to reach its destination with an engine shut down and its propeller feathered.

Lockheed C-121C Constellation, Camarillo Connie Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544 Camarillo Connie made a dirty pass over the Hawthorne Airport before entering the pattern for landing on August 15, 2003.

Lockheed C-121C Constellation, Camarillo Connie Camarillo Connie landing at the Hawthorne Airport on August 15, 2003.

Lockheed C-121C Constellation, Camarillo Connie Camarillo Connie landing at the Hawthorne Airport on August 15, 2003.

Lockheed C-121C Constellation, Camarillo Connie Camarillo Connie taxiing at the Hawthorne Airport on August 15, 2003.

Lockheed C-121C Constellation, Camarillo Connie Camarillo Connie was the centerpiece of the Hawthorne Air and Auto Power Show on August 16, 2003.

Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544 Camarillo Connie at the Camarillo Airshow on August 23, 2003.

On April 22 and 23, 2004 Camarillo Connie was being test flown by the Swiss group that will take her to Switzerland.

Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544 Camarillo Connie on approach to Runway 07 at the Santa Barbara Airport on April 22, 2004.

Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544 Camarillo Connie makes a high pass over Runway 07 at the Santa Barbara Airport on April 23, 2004.

N73544 took off from the Camarillo Airport for what may have been the last time at 10:00 A.M. on April 26, 2004.

Say good-bye to Camarillo Connie

Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544 and say hello to the Breitling Super Constellation.

Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544

Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544 Now N73544 wears the Breitling "B" on its tail where it used to have an American Flag.

Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544

Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544

Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544 N73544 took off from the Camarillo Airport for what may have been the last time at 10:00 A.M. on April 26, 2004.

Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544 The Breitling Super Constellation made one low pass over Runway 26 at the Camarillo Airport and headed away to the north.

Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544

Lockheed C-121C Super Constellation, N73544

EC-121H, 53-0535, c/n 4350

EC-121H, 53-0535 at the Pima County Air Museum on March 31, 1974 EC-121H, 53-0535 at the Pima County Air Museum on March 31, 1974. It was built as an RC-121D, and its Lockheed construction number is 4350. It was redesignated EC-121H to reflect the addition of electronic equipment for relaying information to NORAD ground stations. It served with the 551st Airborne Early Warning and Control Wing. After a short while on display in the Pima Air Museum, it was transferred to the Minden Air Corporation storage yard south of Davis-Monthan Air Force Base and received the civil registration N51006. The Pima Air Museum acquired EC-121T, 53-0548 in its place. EC-121H, N51006 may now belong to Vern Raburn, the owner of C-121A, N494TW.

EC-121T, 53-0548, c/n 4363

It has been reported that N548GF will be flown to the Yanks Air Museum at Chino in the near future. I would welcome any information about when that flight is expected to take place.

EC-121T, 53-0548 at the Pima Air Museum on December 30, 1981 EC-121T, 53-0548 at the Pima Air Museum on December 30, 1981. It was built as an RC-121D, and its Lockheed construction number is 4363. The EC-121T designation reflected its conversion from airborne early warning to electronic reconnaissance.

EC-121T, 53-0548 at the Pima Air Museum on November 23, 1994 EC-121T, 53-0548 at the Pima Air Museum on November 23, 1994. It would soon be restored to airworthy condition and ferried to Camarillo, California.

EC-121T, 53-0548 at Camarillo on June 17, 1995 EC-121T, 53-0548 at Camarillo on June 17, 1995. It has been registered N548GF by the Global Aeronautical Foundation. Unfortunately, corrosion of the main wing spar has resulted in the grounding of N548GF.

EC121T, 55-0548 at Camarillo on June 18, 1996 Stereo Pair of EC121T, N548GF at Camarillo on June 18, 1996. Cross your eyes to see the 3-D effect.

Lockheed EC-121T Warning Star, N548GF EC121T, N548GF at the Camarillo airshow on August 11, 2002. The corrosion in the wing has been repaired and it is airworthy again.

Lockheed EC-121T Warning Star, N5487GF EC-121T Warning Star, N548GF at the Camarillo Airshow on August 23, 2003.

Lockheed EC-121T Warning Star, N5487GF EC-121T Warning Star, N548GF at the Camarillo Airshow on August 27, 2005. It is expected to make a single ferry flight to an air museum elsewhere in California.

Link to the EC-121 web site of Dean Boys, a retired radar tech who flew on this airplane.

EC-121T, 53-0554, c/n 4369

EC-121T, 53-0554 at the Pima Air Museum on November 27, 1991 EC-121T, 53-0554 at the Pima Air Museum on November 27, 1991. It was built as an RC-121D, and its Lockheed construction number is 4369.

EC-121T, 53-0554 at the Pima Air Museum on November 23, 2001 EC-121T, 53-0554 at the Pima Air Museum on November 23, 2001.

EC-121T, 53-0554 at the Pima Air Museum on September 26, 2005 EC-121T, 53-0554 at the Pima Air Museum on September 26, 2005.

Link to the Pima Air & Space Museum's page about EC-121T, 53-0554.

EC-121D, 53-0555, c/n 4370

EC-121D, 53-0555 at the Air Force Museum on August 16, 1998 EC-121D, 53-0555 at the Air Force Museum on August 16, 1998. Its Lockheed construction number is 4370.

Link to the Air Force Museum's page about EC-121D, 53-0555.

EC-121K, 141309, c/n 4433

EC-121K, 141309 at the McClellan AFB Museum on April 3, 1993 EC-121K, 141309 at the McClellan AFB Museum on April 3, 1993. It was built as a Navy WV-2, but it is displayed as Air Force EC-121D, 53-0552. Its Lockheed construction number is 4433.

Link to the Willy Victor web site, dedicated to the effort and sacrifice of the Navy crewmen of the WV-2s 

L-1049G, F-BRAD, c/n 4519

L-1049G, F-BRAD displayed in Air France colors at Nantes-Chateu Bougon airfield Air France L-1049G, F-BRAD displayed in Air France colors at Nantes-Chateu Bougon airfield. Its Lockheed construction number is 4519. It was delivered to Air France in April 1953 as F-BGNJ. Air France retired it in August 1967. Air Fret bought it in September 1968 and registered it as F-BRAD. Air Fret sold it to Catair in December 1969 and bought it back in June 1973. L-749, F-ZVMV and L-1049G, F-BHBG are also preserved in France. This photo was provided by Gert Jan Mentink of the Netherlands.

L-1049G, F-BHML, c/n 4671

Former Air France L-1049G displayed as D-ALAP in Lufthansa colors at the Frankfurt Airport Former Air France L-1049G displayed as D-ALAP in Lufthansa colors at the Frankfurt Airport on June 29, 1989. Its Lockheed construction number is 4671. It was delivered to Air France as F-BHML in February 1957. It was leased to Tunis air in June 1961 and returned to Air France the following September. It was bought by Le Gouvello de la Porte in March 1968 and immediately sold to Air Fret. Air Classic bought it in November 1977 for preservation at Frankfurt.

Former Air France L-1049G displayed as D-ALAP in Lufthansa colors at the Frankfurt Airport Former Air France L-1049G displayed as D-ALAP in Lufthansa colors at the Frankfurt Airport.

L-1049H, N6937C, c/n 4830

L-1049H, N6937C at Falcon Field, Mesa, Arizona on May 4, 1974 L-1049H, N6937C is equipped with spray bars for aerial application of pesticides at Falcon Field, Mesa, Arizona on May 4, 1974.

The Lockheed construction number of the Star of America is 4830. It was initally registered as N540V by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation. It was delivered to Slick Airways in September 1957 and given its current registration of N6937C. Bal Trade Inc. bought it in November 1968 and sold it to Aircraft Airframe Inc. in June 1971. Aviation Specialties acquired it in February 1973 and sold it to Globe Air Inc. in June 1981. Paul Pristo bought it in October 1985 and donated it to Save A Connie Inc. in December 1986. The Save A Connie Foundation is now known as the Airline History Museum at Kansas City. It is the last airworthy Super Constellation in the United States.

L-1049H N6937C at Falcon Field, Mesa, Arizona on August 23, 1979 L-1049H N6937C at Falcon Field, Mesa, Arizona on August 23, 1979. Photo courtesy Jay Goetz.

L-1049H, N6937C and VC-121B, 48-0608 at Falcon Field, Mesa, Arizona on December 31, 1981 L-1049H, N6937C and VC-121B, 48-0608 in the Globe Air Inc. yard at Falcon Field, Mesa, Arizona on December 31, 1981.

L-1049H, N6937C Save A Connie at El Toro MCAS on April 28, 1991 L-1049H, N6937C at El Toro MCAS on April 28, 1991.

L-1049H, N6937C Save A Connie at El Toro MCAS on April 28, 1991 L-1049H, N6937C at El Toro MCAS on April 28, 1991.

Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation N6937C Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation N6937C was displayed at the Rockin' Airfest 2005 at the Van Nuys Airport on Sunday May 15, 2005. It arrived on Friday, May 13 at a quarter to one in the afternoon.

Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation N6937C

Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation N6937C

Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation N6937C

Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation N6937C

Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation N6937C

Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation N6937C

Links

Link to The Constellation Survivor Web Site.

Link to Oldprops page of Constellation photographs.

Link to Exotic Aircraft Company's page listing Constellations for sale and Constellation parts wanted.


Lockheed Super Constellation and Starliner survivors in the United States:

c/n

Designation

Original Serial

Owner

Location

Status

displayed as

Registered

4137

C-121G 131636 Super Constellation Flyers Group Avra Valley, Arizona Restoration halted   N105CF

4151

VC-121E 53-7885 United States Air Force Museum Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio Static display Columbine III  

4174

EC-121S 54-0155 USAF History and Traditions Museum Lackland Air Force Base, Texas Static display    

4175

C-121C 54-0156 Super Constellation Flyers Association Switzerland Flying Star of Switzerland N73544

4196

C-121C 54-0177 Smithsonian Dulles Annex Washington-Dulles Airport Stored   N1104W

4199

C-121C 54-0180 Charleston AFB Air Park Charleston Air Force Base, South Carolina Static display 54-0153  

4335

EC-121T 52-3417 Helena College of Technology Helena Regional Airport, Montana Training aid   N4257L

4336

EC-121T 52-3418 Combat Air Museum Topeka-Forbes Field, Kansas Static display   N4257U

4343

EC-121T 52-3425 Peterson Air and Space Museum Peterson Air Force Base, Colorado Static display    

4347

EC-121K 137890 Tinker AFB Air Park Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma Static display 53-0552  

4350

EC-121H 53-0535 Vern Raburn Minden Air Yard, Arizona Stored   N51006

4363

EC-121T 53-0548 Waynes Aviation Inc. Camarillo, California Static display   N548GF

4369

EC-121T 53-0554 Pima Air & Space Museum Tucson, Arizona Static display    

4370

EC-121D 53-0555 United States Air Force Museum Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio Static display    

4416

NC-121K 141292 Florence Air and Missile Museum Florence, South Carolina Scrapped 1998    

4421

EC-121S 141297 Museum of Aviation Robins Air Force Base, Georgia Static display    

4433

EC-121K 141309 McClellan AFB Museum McClellan AFB, California Static display 53-0552  

4435

EC-121K 141311 Octave Chanute Aerospace Museum Rantoul, Illinois Static display    

4495

EC-121K 143221 National Museum of Naval Aviation Pensacola Naval Air Station, Florida Static display    

4557

L-1049E N1005C Air Mobility Command Museum Dover Air Force Base, Delaware Restoration   N1005C

4830

L-1049H N6937C Airline History Museum Kansas City, Missouri Flying Star of America N6937C

1018

L-1649A N7316C Maine Coast Airways Auburn Lewiston, Maine Stored   N7316C

1038

L-1649A N8083H Maine Coast Airways Auburn Lewiston, Maine Stored   N8083H

1040

L-1649 D-ALAN Fantasy of Flight Museum Polk City, Florida Flyable static display   N974R

Airliners of the Post-War Era

Type First Flight Wing Span Length Wing Area (sq ft) Gross Weight (lb) Passengers Cruise Speed (mph) Engines
Lockheed 1049 Super Constellation

1950

123ft,00in

113ft,07in

1,650

120,000

92

255

4 x 2,700 hp R3350
Bristol Brabazon

1949

230ft,00in

177ft,00in

5,317

290,000

100

250

8 x 3,000 hp Pennine X-24
Convair XC-99/Model 37

1947

230ft,00in

185ft,00in

4,772

320,000

204

300

6 x 3,500hp R4360
Republic XF-12 Rainbow

1946

129ft,02in

98ft,09in

1,640

113,250

46

450

4 x 3,000hp R4360
Douglas DC-6

1946

117ft,06in

100ft,07in

1,463

97,200

50

328

4 x 2,100 hp R2800
Douglas C-74 Globemaster

1945

173ft,03in

124ft,02in

2,506

145,000

108

296

4 x 3,000hp R4360
Boeing C-97 Stratofreighter/Stratotanker

1945

141ft,03in

110ft,04in

1,738

120,000

4 x 3,000hp R4360
Lockheed 049 Constellation

1943

123ft,00in

95ft,02in

1,650

86,200

64

275

4 x 2,000 hp R3350
Douglas DC-4

1942

117ft,06in

93ft,10in

1,460

73,000

44

227

4 x 1,350 hp R2000

Lockheed C-69/C-121 Constellation The Lockheed Constellation page.Go to the Home Page

Send a message to Brian.